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Migration and the European Green Deal

Author:
Katy Barwise – Programme Manager, Migration and Development, RO Brussels, Lizzy Linklater – Migration, Environment and Climate Change Intern, RO Brussels, and Soumyadeep Banerjee – Regional Migration, Environment and Climate Change Specialist, RO Vienna

The European Green Deal is the flagship policy framework[1] of the new European Commission. It will impact all aspects of the European economy, including energy, transport, construction, food and agriculture. The EU aims to decouple economic growth from resource use to transition to a green and circular economy that ensures net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 and a 50 per cent reduction of emissions by 2030.[2]
In line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the European Green Deal has proposed a Just Transition Mechanism to ensure that the people living in communities, and working in businesses in Member States that are financially dependent on carbon-intensive and resource/extractive sectors, are not “left behind” in the transition to a climate-neutral continent. A new funding scheme – the “Just Transition Fund” is proposed to provide €17.5 billion[3] to support the most vulnerable regions and sectors affected by the transition.
On 21st July 2020, European leaders reached a political agreement on the next overall EU long-term budget for 2021-2027 (the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) of €1.7 trillion. This includes the COVID-19 recovery instrument (Next Generation EU (NGEU) of €750 billion available only to EU Member States. Climate action is a priority in both the MFF and NGEU. The MFF has a strong focus on the green transition and green priorities in both internal and external EU action, including that all future EU expenditure must be in line with the Paris Climate Agreement.[4] To reflect this, an overall target of 30 per cent of the total amount of the EU budget and NGEU expenditure should support climate objectives.[5]
Migration, in its different forms, does not feature significantly in the European Green Deal documents. In the Communication on European Green Deal only one direct reference is made to the nexus between climate change and migration/displacement,[6] and current proposals tend to refer mainly to EU citizens as the constituents, targets, or beneficiaries of the Deal.[7][8]
Many migrants in Europe, are at a greater risk of being socio-economically disadvantaged[9] and more likely to be exposed to environmental stressors, such as poor indoor air quality, heat and cold stress, noise and air pollution.[10] In addition, migration – as recognised in global policy frameworks – can be an accelerator of development, and an adaptation strategy for households and communities vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Recognising the key role that migrants play in the sectors which will be impacted by the transition – especially agriculture and fisheries, energy, and manufacturing and construction – could greatly support the advancement of the Deal.
Including migration in the European Green Deal would help to ensure that an important part of the population in Europe could be involved in the transition process and would honour the pledge to leave no one behind. Moving forward, it will be important to ensure that these issues are reflected in the operationalisation of the Deal, and that migrants are engaged in participatory

READ  GFMD Summit begins, focuses on reality of migrants' lives

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Dominican Republic, IOM clear hurdles for 100,000 Venezuelan migrants

The Migration Normalization Plan will allow Venezuelans living irregularly in the Dominican Republic to work, move without risk of deportation, open bank accounts and join the country’s social security system.  Photo: IOM / Francesco Spotorno

 

 

Santo Domingo – The first group of almost 100,000 Venezuelan migrants without legal status in the Dominican Republic have received visas allowing them to work, open bank accounts and join the social security system under the country’s Migration Normalization Plan.

Created by the Dominican government and launched with the support of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the plan aims to regularize the Venezuelan population in three stages: application for extension of stay, visa, and residency. Since April, when the first phase began, 43,000  Venezuelans have registered to extend their stay and, on 1 July, the first group of 21 Venezuelans received their work visa.

“Now that I have my visa, I feel that for others like me a lot of opportunities are opening. We will be able to establish more safely and formally to offer a better future to our children,” says Gabriela Rivero, who arrived in the country with her husband and daughter in 2018.  “Once we settled, we did not imagine how difficult it would be to get a job because the lack of documentation closed all doors.”

READ  Asylum seekers and migrants not respecting lockdown

Since 2019 Gabriela has led a support organization for Venezuelan migrants in Santiago de los Caballeros called FEV (Fundación Emigrantes de Venezuela), which offers free orientation and helps hundreds of migrants daily to complete their normalization plan applications.

With IOM support, eight Venezuelan migrant organizations have created orientation hubs to assist the Venezuelan population who are applying to the plan. Of the 43,000  registered through the General Directorate of Migration (DGM) web page, around 9,000 have visited the hubs for help on the procedure. The promoters and coordinators of each hub – mostly Venezuelan migrants – have learned the process with the support and guidance of the DGM team and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MIREX). Besides being trained for orientation, they became the pilot group of the plan to receive their extensions and visas.

“The idea of this process is that we are the ones at the front of the hubs, a migrant helping a migrant, a Venezuelan helping a Venezuelan,” says Iván Carrera, a lawyer from Caracas and legal adviser of FUNCOVERD (Fundación Colonia de Venezolanos en RD). Carrera works as a promoter at the orientation hub in El Sambil Santo Domingo, one of the locations with the most people requesting support for their application.

READ  GFMD Summit begins, focuses on reality of migrants' lives

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IOM launches open South America portal

International Organisation of Migration (

Buenos Aires – IOM, the International Organization for Migration, this week launched the Open South America Portal, a web platform providing migrants and stakeholders in the region with access to reliable and timely information on human mobility restrictions and health and safety measures adopted by governments in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Open South America, available in SpanishEnglish and Portuguese, shares official information by country on the latest measures, including border restrictions, quarantine requirements and COVID-19 tests for migrants and travellers.

The portal also provides updated information on authorized entry points and key places for travellers and migrants, such as consulates, migrant care and health centres, airports, border crossings points and ports. This information can be explored through an interactive map.

The platform, funded by the IOM Development Fund, is also accessible to vulnerable migrants who may be stranded or are at risk of receiving misinformation on migration.

Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, South America has been one of the most impacted regions worldwide. According to the World Health Organization figures, as of 8 July 2021 there were 33,475,765 COVID-19 cumulative cases in the region, which represents 89 per cent of the total cases in Latin America, and 18 per cent of all infections recorded globally.

READ  Internal displacement exceeds 100,000 in 2020

Countries such as Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador all experienced severe outbreaks. For example, Brazil currently reports the third highest number of cumulative cases (18,855,015) and second highest death toll (526,892) globally.

“Open South America will facilitate orderly, regular and responsible migration in South America amid the uncertain times of COVID-19 and after the pandemic,” said Minister Ana Laura Cachaza, General Director of Consular Affairs of the Government of Argentina.

“Migrants’ access to up-to-date information through innovative online tools is essential considering the changing migration dynamic in the region due to the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Marcelo Pisani, IOM Regional Director for South America.

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29,000 Nigerians, Ghanaians, Somalians, other Africans migrated through the Mediterranean Sea to Europe in 2021 —IOM

The International Organisation for Migration has said that 29,000 individuals including Nigerians, Ghanaians, Somalians and other Africans have emigrated to Europe through the Mediterranean Sea this year.

About 13,000 were arrested by the coast guards and returned home while 761 migrants were said to have perished in the sea.

Disclosing this to journalists in Abuja on Friday, the Chief of Mission, IOM Nigeria, Mr Franz Celestin, said less than five per cent of migrants usually made it to Europe, adding that the vast majority stay in Africa.

He further said that a lot of migrants were trafficked within the Economic Community of West African States, adding that Mali was the number one destination point for trafficked Nigerian women.

Responding to questions on the number of people who have undertaken the perilous trip to Europe through the Mediterranean, the IOM Chief said, “A combination of unemployment and underemployment is pushing people to migrate.

READ  Europe is telling gay asylum seekers they are not gay enough

“In this year, 29,000 migrants from Sub-Sahara Africa have migrated to Europe through the Mediterranean. About 13,000 were intercepted by the coastguard while 761 died.”

International Organisation of Migration (

Celestin stressed the importance of tackling human trafficking which he said grossed about $150 billion annually.

“Traffickers make a lot of money and they would continue to do it until a coordinated response is evolved to stop them. We are collaborating with Interpol in this respect; we are connected to the Interpol i/247 database. We connected the MIDAS to the Interpol database where we pass the information on traffickers to the Interpol,” he stated.

Celestin explained that the IOM has been involved in the biometric registration of children in the North-East, noting that the agency has registered no fewer than 17,053 children in 18 different internally displaced person camps between 2019 and May 2021 in Borno State.

The agency chief also disclosed that IOM was involved in the G7 Famine Prevention and Humanitarian Compact for North-East.

READ  IOM, UNHCR, seek support for Venezuelan refugees, migrants

 

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